Features and params a dedicated or VPS can have
Hosting providers offer various options, from shared hosting to VPS to dedicated servers. Each option has its own features and parameters that can impact your hosting experience. In this article, we'll look at some key parameters you should consider when choosing a hosting provider or a specific server.
VPS or Dedicated
VPS hosting is an excellent option for small businesses or startups that need more power than shared hosting can provide but don't have the budget for a dedicated server. VPS hosting gives you your own virtual server, complete with its own operating system, storage, and RAM. You're still sharing a server with other customers, but you have your isolated environment.
Dedicated server hosting is the most expensive option, but it's also the most powerful. With a dedicated server, you have your physical server that is not shared with anyone else. This gives you complete control over the server, including the operating system, storage, and RAM. Dedicated servers are best for large businesses or high-traffic websites that need the most power and flexibility.
What to know more about VPS? see our guide Best Practices for Selecting a VPS Server
Server location is essential for two main reasons: latency and data sovereignty. The closer the server is to you, the lower the latency. Data sovereignty, however, refers to the laws and regulations governing data storage and access. Different countries have different rules, so choosing a server location that suits your needs is important.
If you have a global audience, then you might want to consider hosting your website on a server in multiple locations. This way, visitors from different parts of the world will be able to connect to a server that's closer to them, which will reduce latency. If your website is focused on U.S visitors, your server should be located in the U.S. This will make the connection faster and the user experiences better.
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Latency is the time it takes for data to travel from your computer to the hosting server and back. It is affected by the distance between you and the server and the speed of your internet connection.
Latency can be a problem if you are hosting a website that people worldwide access. If your server is located in a different country, it will take longer for the data to travel, making the website slower.
You can choose a hosting provider with servers in different countries to reduce latency. This way, people from all over the world can connect to a server close to them, reducing the time it takes for the data to travel.
API stands for an application programming interface. A hosting provider's API allows you to interact with their services programmatically rather than through a graphical user interface (GUI). This can be helpful if you need to automate tasks or integrate your hosting provider's services with other software. Not all hosting providers offer an API, so you must check whether this is a feature you require. There are two common types of API hosting providers can offer.
The first type of API is for managing your account. With this kind of API, you can change your account settings and billing options, deposit & withdraw money, order new products like SSL & domain, cancel the current products you got, and more.
The second type of API is for managing servers. With this kind of API, you can reboot the server, take a snapshot, see the server's status, restore to a backup, and depending on the API; you may get more features regarding the management of the server.
Backup & snapshot
Backup and snapshot are two different ways of protecting your data. A backup is a copy of your data stored separately from the original, while a snapshot is a copy of your data taken at a specific time. Both can be used to restore your data if lost or corrupted.
Backups are typically taken regularly (e.g., daily, weekly, monthly) and can be used to restore your data in the event of data loss. Snapshots, however, are taken manually and can be used to restore your system to a specific point in time.
A traffic limit is the maximum amount of data you can transfer in a given period (usually a month). This can be helpful if you have a lot of traffic or need to transfer large files.
Internet traffic costs the service provider money. For that reason, providers put traffic usage limits on their servers. You should check the traffic limit of the servers you're going to rent and how much it costs per TB and decide if it fits based on your requirements. If you go over the traffic limit, you will be charged extra.
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Bandwidth is the speed of the Internet Connection, or in other words, it is the amount of data that can be transferred in a given period. This is usually measured in bits per second (bps).
Mbps (Megabits per second) and MBps (Megabytes per second) are two different measures, and 100 Mbps is equal to 12.5 MBps meaning that a server with 100 Mbps bandwidth can transfer 12.5 MB every second. The higher Mbps, the connection is faster. Some hosting providers might not be truthful about their server connection speeds, for example, stating it has 1000 Mbps when it doesn't. The rate could be limited to 10 Mbps immediately after purchase or after specific usage. This is especially common with unlimited traffic deals. The speed may be 1000 Mbps initially, but after 1 TB is used, the provider may limit the rate to 50 Mbps. Be careful about that, and read the Service Level Agreement before purchasing. If you find an offer of VPS with 100mbit/s and unlimited traffic for $20, this can't work because the traffic is expensive. The internet provider charges the server provider for each used GB of internet transfer.
The CPU is the server's central processing unit and is responsible for executing all the instructions given to it. It is measured in GHz (Gigahertz), and the higher the number, the faster it is. CPU is essential if you use your server for CPU-intensive tasks such as hosting a Minecraft server, running a website with a lot of traffic, or using it for video encoding/rendering.
RAM is used to store the data that the CPU is currently working on. It is measured in GB (Gigabytes), and the higher the number, the more information it can store. RAM is essential if you use your server for memory-intensive tasks such as hosting a website with a lot of traffic, using it for video encoding/rendering, or running a database.
The hard drive is used to store all the data on the server. It is measured in GB (Gigabytes), and the higher the number, the more data it can hold. If you need a disk to store your backups, HDDs are fine. NVMe or at least SSD disks are preferable options for your websites and applications.
Solid State Drives are the newer type of hard drive and are faster than HDDs. They are more expensive but provide better performance.
Hard Disk Drives are the older type of hard drive and are slower than SSDs. They are less expensive but provide lower performance.
Nonvolatile memory express (NVMe) is a new storage access and transport protocol for flash and next-generation solid-state drives (SSDs). NVMe delivers the highest throughput and fastest response times for all enterprise workloads, making it the ideal choice for demanding applications.
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Hosting providers use different technologies and offer other services, so choosing the one that best suits your needs is essential. Be careful of hosting providers that oversell their services, such as promising unlimited traffic but limiting the speed after a certain amount is used. When choosing a hosting provider, consider the CPU, RAM, and hard drive.